Crisis económica y estrategia de innovación en las empresas españolas

  1. Pilar Vargas 1
  2. Jaime González 1
  3. Sergio Palomas 2
  1. 1 Universidad de La Rioja (ESP)
  2. 2 Universidad de Zaragoza (ESP)
Cuadernos económicos de ICE

ISSN: 0210-2633

Year of publication: 2015

Issue Title: Contribuciones a la economía de la innovación: análisis de la I+D+i empresarial

Issue: 89

Pages: 11-36

Type: Article

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DOI: 10.32796/CICE.2015.89.6093 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Cuadernos económicos de ICE


The objective of this paper is to study the consequences of the current economic crisis on the innovation activities of a sample of Spanish firms, particularly on R&D spending. We firstly examine whether firms use open or closed innovation strategies, that is, whether they externalize or not their R&D activities. Next, we analyze openness as the proportion of R&D activities outsourced. Our results show that the decision to open the innovation process (in terms of outsourcing R&D) is not directly related to the economic cycle. The intensity of external R&D over total R&D investments, however, seems to be positively correlated with the economic cycle. Consequently, although the economic crisis has not reduced the number of firms that open up their innovation process, it has reduced the weight of external R&D over total R&D.

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