Steel annealing furnace robust neural network model

  1. Pernía-Espinoza, A. 1
  2. Castejón-Limas, M. 2
  3. González-Marcos, A. 2
  4. Lobato-Rubio, V. 3
  1. 1 Universidad de La Rioja

    Universidad de La Rioja

    Logroño, España


  2. 2 Universidad de León

    Universidad de León

    León, España


  3. 3 División de Innovación e Investigación, Aceralia, Grupo Arcelor, Spain
Ironmaking and Steelmaking

ISSN: 0301-9233

Year of publication: 2005

Volume: 32

Issue: 5

Pages: 418-426

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1179/174328105X28829 SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-27644466573 WoS: WOS:000232775600010 GOOGLE SCHOLAR


In this day and age, galvanised coated steel is an essential product in several key manufacturing sectors because of its anticorrosive properties. The increase in demand has led managers to improve the different phases in their production chains. Among the efforts needed to accomplish this task, process modelling can be identified as the one with the most powerful outputs in spite of its non-trivial development. In many fields, such as industrial modelling, multilayer feedforward neural networks are often proposed as universal function approximators. These supervised neural networks are commonly trained by the traditional, back-propagation learning format, which minimises the mean squared error (mse) of the training data. However, in the presence of corrupted or extremely deviated samples (outliers), this training scheme may produce incorrect models, and it is well known that industrial data sets frequently contain outliers. The process modelled is a steel coil annealing furnace in a galvanising line, which shares characteristics with most of the furnaces used in galvanised lines all over the world. This paper reports the effectiveness of robust learning algorithms compared to the classical mse-based learning algorithm for the modelling of a real industry process. From this model an adequate line velocity (the velocity set point) for a coil, depending on its characteristics and the furnace condition to receive this coil (temperature set points), can be obtained. With this set point generation model the operator could set strategies to manage the line, i.e. set the order of the coil to be treated or preview the line's speed conditions for the transitory situations. © 2005 Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.